Managing Eye Dryness: Understanding The ICD-10 Code

What is Eye Dryness ICD 10?

Eye dryness, also known as dry eye syndrome, is a common condition that occurs when your tears are not able to provide adequate lubrication for your eyes. This can lead to discomfort, irritation, and even vision problems. In the medical field, eye dryness is classified under the ICD-10 code H04.12.

Code Information


The ICD-10 code for eye dryness is H04.12. This code is used to classify and track cases of dry eye syndrome in medical records and billing purposes. It helps healthcare providers and insurance companies to accurately document and manage patients with this condition.

Diagnostic Related Groups (MS-DRG)

The Most Important Points About Coding for Ocular Surface Disease
The Most Important Points About Coding for Ocular Surface Disease

In terms of MS-DRG, eye dryness falls under the category of diseases and disorders of the eye with MCC (major complications or comorbidities). This means that cases of severe or complicated dry eye syndrome may require more intensive treatment and care, leading to higher healthcare costs.

Convert to ICD-9 Code

If you need to convert the ICD-10 code H04.12 for eye dryness to the older ICD-9 code system, it would correspond to code 375.15. However, the ICD-9 system is no longer used for medical coding and has been replaced by the ICD-10 system.

Code History

The ICD-10 code for eye dryness, H04.12, was introduced in 2016 as part of the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases. This update aimed to provide more specific and detailed codes for various health conditions, including eye disorders like dry eye syndrome.

Approximate Synonyms

Some approximate synonyms for eye dryness include dry eye syndrome, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, and aqueous tear deficiency. These terms are often used interchangeably to describe the same condition of insufficient tear production or poor tear quality.

Clinical Information

Eye dryness is a common condition that can affect people of all ages, but it is more prevalent in older adults, particularly women. The main cause of dry eye syndrome is a lack of tears or poor tear quality, leading to discomfort, redness, and blurred vision.


There are several factors that can contribute to the development of eye dryness, including aging, hormonal changes, environmental factors (such as dry climate or air conditioning), certain medications, and underlying health conditions (such as autoimmune diseases or allergies).


The symptoms of eye dryness can vary from person to person but commonly include a gritty sensation in the eyes, redness, itching, burning, excessive tearing, sensitivity to light, and blurred vision. These symptoms may worsen with prolonged screen time or exposure to dry or windy conditions.


To diagnose eye dryness, your healthcare provider may perform a comprehensive eye examination, including a review of your medical history, assessment of tear production, measurement of tear quality, and evaluation of the ocular surface. Additional tests may be needed to rule out other eye conditions.


Treatment for eye dryness is aimed at relieving symptoms, improving tear production, and protecting the ocular surface. This may include the use of artificial tears, prescription eye drops, punctal plugs to retain tears, lifestyle modifications (such as taking breaks from screen time), and managing underlying health conditions.


Eye dryness, or dry eye syndrome, is a common condition that can cause discomfort and vision problems. By understanding the ICD-10 code, diagnostic related groups, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for eye dryness, healthcare providers can effectively manage and treat patients with this condition to improve their quality of life.


Q: Can eye dryness be cured?
A: While there is no cure for dry eye syndrome, symptoms can be managed effectively with proper treatment and lifestyle modifications.

Q: Is eye dryness a serious condition?
A: In most cases, eye dryness is not a serious condition, but it can lead to discomfort and affect vision if left untreated.

Q: Can eye dryness be prevented?
A: You can reduce your risk of

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